Experimental study on dynamic behavior of polyacrylamide-reinforced tailings

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2023 Apr;30(16):47274-47288. doi: 10.1007/s11356-023-25680-8. Epub 2023 Feb 4.


Earthquakes are a significant factor that contributes to tailings dam failure. Generally, the seismic stability of a tailings dam can be increased by improving the dynamic properties of tailings. The dynamic properties of tailings can be improved effectively using polymers. In this study, the dynamic properties of polyacrylamide-reinforced tailings were investigated via a sequence of dynamic triaxial tests. The content of polyacrylamide in the test sample was 0.3%. Test results show that the cyclic liquefaction resistance, initial dynamic shear modulus, dynamic shear modulus, and dynamic shear modulus ratio of polyacrylamide-reinforced tailings were slightly greater than those of unreinforced tailings. The damping ratio of polyacrylamide-reinforced tailings was lower than that of unreinforced tailings when the dynamic shear strain exceeded 0.038%. The increase in the dynamic pore water pressure of polyacrylamide-reinforced tailings during cyclic loading decelerated significantly compared with that of unreinforced tailings. The revised Zeng model can effectively described the changes in dynamic pore-water pressure of unreinforced and polyacrylamide-reinforced tailings. The polyacrylamide can improve the structural stability of the tailings specimen and also improve the dynamic properties of the tailings, thereby enhancing the seismic stability of the tailings dam.

Keywords: Dynamic properties; Dynamic triaxial tests; Polyacrylamide; Tailings.

MeSH terms

  • Acrylic Resins*
  • Polymers* / chemistry
  • Water / chemistry


  • polyacrylamide
  • Acrylic Resins
  • Polymers
  • Water