Self-management interventions for adults living with obesity to improve patient-relevant outcomes: An evidence map

Patient Educ Couns. 2023 May:110:107647. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2023.107647. Epub 2023 Jan 24.


Objectives: To conduct an evidence map on self-management interventions and patient-relevant outcomes for adults living with overweight/obesity.

Methods: Following Arksey and O'Malley methodology, we searched in five electronical databases including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on SMIs for overweight/obesity. We used the terms "self-management", "adult" and "obesity" for content. Two independent reviewers assessed eligible references; one reviewer extracted data, a second checked accuracy.

Results: We identified 497 RCTs (58% US, 20% Europe) including 99,741 (median 112, range 11-5145) adults living with overweight/obesity. Most research evaluated clinical outcomes (617, 55%) and behaviors adherence (255, 23%). Empowerment skills, quality of life and satisfaction were less targeted (8%, 7%, 0.2%, respectively). The most frequent techniques included sharing information (858, 99%), goal setting (619, 72%) and self-monitoring training (614, 71%), provided face-to-face (386, 45%) or in combination with remote techniques (256, 30%). Emotional management, social support and shared-decision were less frequent (18%, 26%, 4%). Socio-economic status, minorities or health literacy were seldom reported.

Conclusion: There is a need of widening the scope of research by focusing on outcomes important to patients, assessing emotional/social/share-decision support, exploring remote techniques and including vulnerable populations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Health Literacy*
  • Humans
  • Obesity / therapy
  • Overweight
  • Self-Management*
  • Treatment Outcome