Six patients with persistent corneal epithelial defects that failed to improve with standard therapy were treated with topical fibronectin in a phase I uncontrolled trial. Fibronectin was purified from autologous plasma by affinity chromatography and administered topically, 0.5 mg/ml five times a day, for three weeks. Complete reepithelialization was achieved in five patients: three healed three to 17 days after initiation of treatment while two healed one to two weeks after discontinuation of topical fibronectin. No side effects were observed. Over a follow-up period of three to 18 months, two recurrences were noted.