Introduction: Inflammatory skin disorders compromise skin barrier health. Early and daily skincare use aims to maintain a life-long healthy skin barrier. Racial/ethnic and age variations in skin barrier properties, cultural differences, and clinical presentation of the inflammatory skin disorder influence the choice of treatment and skin care. Ceramide-containing skin care may play a role in restoring and maintaining a healthy skin barrier.
Methods: A panel of 6 dermatologists met to develop consensus statements based on their 8 previous publications on promoting skin barrier health throughout life using ceramide-containing skin care. The publications covered skin barrier integrity in the newborn and infant, and the role of the skin barrier in mitigating atopic dermatitis (AD); racial/ethnic variations in the skin barrier and implications for skin care; the role of the skin barrier in inflammatory skin conditions including acne, AD and psoriasis in skin of color (SOC) populations; skin barrier integrity in patients with rosacea; and xerosis in patients with diabetes mellitus. The panel synthesized the 8 publications, selected information from a literature review, and their expert opinions and experiences to create the statements. The consensus was reached through a modified Delphi method where the panel met face-to-face and followed up virtually.
Results: The panel adopted 6 consensus statements highlighting the importance of skin care in restoring/maintaining a healthy skin barrier in the populations mentioned above. Skin care suited to this role is gentle, has near-physiologic pH, is pleasant to use, and contains ceramides. This type of skin care can promote a healthy skin barrier and attenuate or delay inflammatory skin conditions.
Conclusions: Adjunctive daily skin care throughout life promotes a healthy skin barrier and is beneficial in managing various inflammatory skin disorders in all populations. However, when choosing optimal treatment and skin care, physicians should consider variations in age, skin properties, presentation of the condition, and cultural differences. J Drugs Dermatol. 2023;22:2(Suppl 1):s3-14.