Objective: To test the hypothesis that the (i) presence of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) and (ii) type of post system have no effect on the fracture resistance and pattern in endodontically treated maxillary premolars.
Methods: Human maxillary first premolars (n=60) with two root canals were randomly allocated into four groups (n=15). Buccal wedge-shaped NCCLs were prepared in 45 teeth specimens. Following root canal treatment, the specimens were randomly divided into (i) composite resin core (CRC); (ii) NCCLs + composite resin core (NCCL+CRC); (iii) NCCLs+prefabricated fibre-reinforced composite post + composite resin core (NCCL+PFRC+CRC); (iv) NCCLs+custom fibre posts + composite resin core (NCCL+CFP+CRC). All specimens were subjected to thermocycling (5°C to 55°C/5000 cycles). The compressive load was applied non-axially to the palatal cusp with a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min at a 30° angle until fracture. Fracture patterns were examined using a loupe magnification (2.5×) under transillumination. Statistical analyses were performed using non-parametric tests and pairwise comparisons of the load-to-fracture among the groups. Chi-square test was used to analyse the fracture patterns (P=0.05).
Results: Fracture resistance of NCCL+PFRC+CRC was significantly higher than NCCL+CRC (P=0.011), while NCCL+CFP+CRC did not show any significant difference when compared to NCCL+CRC (P=0.089). No statistical difference was found between CRC, NCCL+PFRC+CRC and NCCL+CFP+CRC (P=1.000). The frequencies of favourable fracture patterns in descending orders were as follows: CRC (80%), NCCL+CFP+CRC (73%), NCCL+PFRC+CRC (60%), and NCCL+CRC (40%). Chi-square test did not show significant differences in fracture patterns among all groups (P=0.110).
Conclusion: Restoration of the endodontically treated maxillary premolars with NCCLs, with or without post, resulted in similar fracture resistance as their counterparts without NCCLs. Placement of a prefabricated fibre-reinforced composite post exhibited greater fracture resistance to the maxillary premolars with restored NCCLs than those without a post. (EEJ-2022-06-077).