Pituitary neuroendocrine tumor (PitNET) is one of the most common intracranial tumors with variable recurrence rate. Currently, the recurrence prediction is unsatisfying and can be improved by understanding the cellular origins and differentiation status. Here, to comprehensively reveal the origin of PitNET, we perform comparative analysis of single-cell RNA sequencing data from 3 anterior pituitary glands and 21 PitNETs. We identify distinct genes representing major subtypes of well and poorly differentiated PitNETs in each lineage. To further verify the predictive value of differentiation biomarkers, we include an independent cohort of 800 patients with an average follow-up of 7.2 years. In both PIT1 and TPIT lineages, poorly differentiated groups show significantly higher recurrence rates while well-differentiated groups show higher recurrence rates in SF1 lineage. Our findings reveal the possible origin and differentiation status of PitNET based on which new differentiation classification is proposed and verified to predict tumor recurrence.
Keywords: anterior pituitary gland; differentiation-related molecular classification; pituitary neuroendocrine tumor; recurrence prediction; single-cell RNA sequencing.
Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.