Bariatric surgery improves glucose homeostasis and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Over the past 20 years, a breadth of studies has been conducted in humans and rodents aimed to identify the regulatory nodes responsible for surgical remission of type 2 diabetes. The review herein discusses central mechanisms of type 2 diabetes remission associated with weight loss and surgical modification of the gastrointestinal tract.
Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Cardiovascular risk; Diabetes; Metabolic surgery; Obesity.
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