Warm temperature-triggered developmental reprogramming requires VIL1-mediated, genome-wide H3K27me3 accumulation in Arabidopsis

Development. 2023 Mar 1;150(5):dev201343. doi: 10.1242/dev.201343. Epub 2023 Mar 3.


Changes in ambient temperature immensely affect developmental programs in many species. Plants adapt to high ambient growth temperature in part by vegetative and reproductive developmental reprogramming, known as thermo-morphogenesis. Thermo-morphogenesis is accompanied by massive changes in the transcriptome upon temperature change. Here, we show that transcriptome changes induced by warm ambient temperature require VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3-LIKE 1 (VIL1), a facultative component of the Polycomb repressive complex PRC2, in Arabidopsis. Warm growth temperature elicits genome-wide accumulation of H3K27me3 and VIL1 is necessary for the warm temperature-mediated accumulation of H3K27me3. Consistent with its role as a mediator of thermo-morphogenesis, loss of function of VIL1 results in hypo-responsiveness to warm ambient temperature. Our results show that VIL1 is a major chromatin regulator in responses to high ambient temperature.

Keywords: Climate change; Histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation; Polycomb repressive complex 2; Thermo-morphogenesis; VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3 LIKE 1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis Proteins* / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis* / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / genetics
  • Histones / metabolism
  • Polycomb-Group Proteins
  • Temperature


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Histones
  • Polycomb-Group Proteins
  • VIL1 protein, Arabidopsis