Industrial Application and Health Prospective of Fig (Ficus carica) By-Products

Molecules. 2023 Jan 18;28(3):960. doi: 10.3390/molecules28030960.


The current review was carried out on the industrial application of fig by-products and their role against chronic disorders. Fig is basically belonging to fruit and is botanically called Ficus carica. There are different parts of fig, including the leaves, fruits, seeds and latex. The fig parts are a rich source of bioactive compounds and phytochemicals including antioxidants, phenolic compounds, polyunsaturated fatty acids, phytosterols and vitamins. These different parts of fig are used in different food industries such as the bakery, dairy and beverage industries. Fig by-products are used in extract or powder form to value the addition of different food products for the purpose of improving the nutritional value and enhancing the stability. Fig by-products are additive-based products which contain high phytochemicals fatty acids, polyphenols and antioxidants. Due to the high bioactive compounds, these products performed a vital role against various diseases including cancer, diabetes, constipation, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Concussively, fig-based food products may be important for human beings and produce healthy food.

Keywords: bioactive compounds; fig; health benefits; industrial application.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants* / chemistry
  • Ficus* / chemistry
  • Fruit / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Phytochemicals / analysis
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry


  • Antioxidants
  • Plant Extracts
  • Phytochemicals

Grants and funding

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or non-profit sectors.