Developmental origins of Parkinson disease: Improving the rodent models

Ageing Res Rev. 2023 Apr:86:101880. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2023.101880. Epub 2023 Feb 10.


Numerous pesticides are inhibitors of the oxidative phosphorylation system. Oxidative phosphorylation dysfunction adversely affects neurogenesis and often accompanies Parkinson disease. Since brain development occurs mainly in the prenatal period, early exposure to pesticides could alter the development of the nervous system and increase the risk of Parkinson disease. Different rodent models have been used to confirm this hypothesis. However, more precise considerations of the selected strain, the xenobiotic, its mode of administration, and the timing of animal analysis, are necessary to resemble the model to the human clinical condition and obtain more reliable results.

Keywords: Developmental origins; Oxidative phosphorylation; Parkinson disease; Pesticide; Rodent model.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Neurogenesis / physiology
  • Parkinson Disease* / etiology
  • Pesticides* / toxicity
  • Pregnancy


  • Pesticides