Registry Data in Injury Research: Study Designs and Interpretation

Curr Epidemiol Rep. 2022 Dec;9(4):263-272. doi: 10.1007/s40471-022-00311-x. Epub 2022 Oct 20.


Purpose of review: Injury data is frequently captured in registries that form a census of 100% of known cases that meet specified inclusion criteria. These data are routinely used in injury research with a variety of study designs. We reviewed study designs commonly used with data extracted from injury registries and evaluated the advantages and disadvantages of each design type.

Recent findings: Registry data are suited to 5 major design types: (1) Description, (2) Ecologic (with Ecologic Cohort as a particularly informative sub-type), (3) Case-control (with location-based and culpability studies as salient subtypes), (4) Case-only (including case-case and case-crossover subtypes), and (5) Outcomes.

Summary: Registries are an important resource for injury research. Investigators considering use of a registry should be aware of the advantages and disadvantages of available study designs.

Keywords: Injury; Registry; Research Methods; Secondary Data; Study Design.