Results from an LGBTQ+ Community Health Needs Assessment in Nassau and Suffolk Counties of New York State

Community Ment Health J. 2023 Jul;59(5):855-868. doi: 10.1007/s10597-022-01069-8. Epub 2023 Feb 11.


LGBTQ+ individuals experience health care disparities and difficulty accessing affirming care. Little is known regarding the health and experiences among subpopulations of specific sexual orientations and gender identities (SOGI). We implemented the first LGBTQ + health needs assessment survey in Nassau and Suffolk Counties, New York, to assess individuals' health care experiences, behaviors, access to care, and health care needs. The sample (N = 1150) consisted of many SOGI subgroups. Greater than 60% of respondents reported symptoms of chronic depression; over one third reported disrespectful health care experiences; and two thirds experienced verbal harassment. Bisexual/bicurious, pansexual, queer, gender nonconforming and transgender individuals experienced highest rates of mental health concerns and difficulty accessing care. Behavioral health concerns were also high among Black, multiracial, Hispanic, Asian, young adult, and lower-income respondents. Gaining an understanding of unique differences among LGBTQ+ subgroups can guide implementation of services targeting specific subpopulations to improve access to care and reduce disparities.

Keywords: Access to Care; Community Needs Assessment; Health Disparities; Health-Related Behaviors; LGBTQ+; Sexual and Gender Minority.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Gender Identity
  • Humans
  • Needs Assessment
  • New York
  • Sexual Behavior* / psychology
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*
  • Young Adult