High-Porosity Metal-Organic Framework Glasses

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2023 Apr 11;62(16):e202300003. doi: 10.1002/anie.202300003. Epub 2023 Mar 6.


We report a synthetic strategy to link titanium-oxo (Ti-oxo) clusters into metal-organic framework (MOF) glasses with high porosity though the carboxylate linkage. A new series of MOF glasses was synthesized by evaporation of solution containing Ti-oxo clusters Ti16 O16 (OEt)32 , linkers, and m-cresol. The formation of carboxylate linkages between the Ti-oxo clusters and the carboxylate linkers was confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The structural integrity of the Ti-oxo clusters within the glasses was evidenced by both X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and 17 O magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR. After ligand exchange and activation, the fumarate-linked MOF glass, termed Ti-Fum, showed a N2 Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas of 923 m2 g-1 , nearly three times as high as the phenolate-linked MOF glass with the highest BET surface area prior to this report.

Keywords: Glasses; Metal-Organic Frameworks; Porosity; Titanium-Oxo Clusters; XANES.