Evaluation of congenital rib anomalies with multi-detector computed tomography in the Turkish population

Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2024;83(1):182-191. doi: 10.5603/FM.a2023.0006. Epub 2023 Feb 16.


Background: This study aimed to evaluate the congenital anomalies of ribs in the Turkish population using multi-detector computed tomography (CT) and to reveal the prevalence and distribution of these anomalies according to sexes and body sides.

Materials and methods: This study included 1120 individuals (592 male, 528 female) over 18 who presented to our hospital with a suspicion of COVID-19 and who had thoracic CT. Anomalies such as a bifid rib, cervical rib, fused rib, Srb anomaly, foramen rib, hypoplastic rib, absent rib, supernumerary rib, pectus carinatum, and pectus excavatum, which were previously defined in the literature, were examined. Descriptive statistics were performed with the distribution of anomalies. Comparisons were made between the sexes and body sides.

Results: A prevalence of 18.57% rib variation was observed. Females had 1.3 times more variation than males. Although there was a significant difference in the distribution of anomalies by sex (p = 0.000), there was no difference in terms of body side of anomaly (p > 0.05). The most common anomaly was the hypoplastic rib, followed by the absence of a rib. While the incidence of the hypoplastic rib was similar in females and males, 79.07% of the absent ribs was seen in females (p < 0.05). The study also includes a rare case of bilateral first rib foramen. At the same time, this study includes a rare case of rib spurs extending from the left 11th rib to the 11th intercostal space.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates detailed information about congenital rib anomalies in the Turkish population, which may vary between people. Knowing these anomalies is essential for anatomy, radiology, anthropology, and forensic sciences.

Keywords: multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT); rib; rib anomalies; thorax.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Multidetector Computed Tomography
  • Musculoskeletal Abnormalities* / diagnostic imaging
  • Radiography
  • Ribs / abnormalities
  • Ribs / diagnostic imaging
  • Thoracic Wall*