A hybrid clinical and electrocardiographic score to predict the origin of outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias

J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2023 Nov;66(8):1877-1888. doi: 10.1007/s10840-023-01507-x. Epub 2023 Feb 16.


Background: To predict the outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias (OTVA) site of origin (SOO) before the ablation procedure has important practical implications. The present study sought to prospectively evaluate the accuracy of a clinical and electrocardiographic hybrid algorithm (HA) for the prediction of OTVAs-SOO, and at the same time to develop and to prospectively validate a new score with improved discriminatory capacity.

Methods: In this multicenter study, we prospectively enrolled consecutive patients referred for OTVA ablation (N = 202), and we divided them in a derivation sample and a validation cohort. Surface ECGs during OTVA were analyzed to compare previous published ECG-only criteria and to develop a new score.

Results: In the derivation sample (N = 105), the correct prediction rate of HA and ECG-only criteria ranged from 74 to 89%. R-wave amplitude in V3 was the best ECG parameter for discriminating LVOT origin in V3 precordial transition (V3PT) patients, and was incorporated to the novel weighted hybrid score (WHS). WHS correctly classified 99 (94.2%) patients, presenting 90% sensitivity and 96% specificity (AUC 0.97) in the entire population; WHS mantained a 87% sensitivity and 91% specificity (AUC 0.95) in patients with V3PT subgroup. The high discriminatory capacity was confirmed in the validation sample (N = 97): the WHS exhibited an AUC (0.93), and a WHS ≥ 2 allowed a correct prediction of LVOT origin in 87 (90.0%) cases, yielding a sensitivity of 87% and specificity of 90%; moreover, the V3PT subgroup showed an AUC of 0.92, and a punctuation ≥ 2 predicted an LVOT origin with a sensitivity of 94% and specificity of 78%.

Conclusions: The novel hybrid score has proved to accurately anticipate the OTVA's origin, even in those with a V3 precordial transition. A Weighted hybrid score. B Typical examples of the use of the weighted hybrid score. C ROC analysis of WHS and previous ECG criteria for prediction of LVOT origin in the derivation cohort. D ROC analysis of WHS and previous ECG criteria for prediction of LVOT origin in the V3 precordial transition OTVA subgroup.

Keywords: Algorithm; Catheter ablation; Outflow tract; Site of origin; Ventricular arrhythmias.