Disseminated Neonatal Monkeypox Virus Infection: Case Report in Brazil

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2023 May 1;42(5):e152-e153. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000003848. Epub 2023 Feb 1.


We present here a case of a newborn presenting with a vesicular rash on the scalp and thorax on day 9 of life. Vesicular fluid polymerase chain reaction testing confirmed the presence of Mpox virus DNA. Similar reports in newborns are rare, and we suggest that Mpox infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a neonatal vesicular rash, particularly if there is a history of similar rashes in the family.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Brazil
  • Exanthema*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Monkeypox virus
  • Mpox (monkeypox)*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction