The radiologist and angiographic procedures. Absorbed radiation dose

Invest Radiol. 1987 Sep;22(9):747-50. doi: 10.1097/00004424-198709000-00009.


The radiation dose absorbed by the angiographer during angiographic procedures is of vital importance to the radiologist. Nevertheless, most articles on the subject are incomplete, and few measure gonadal dose. In this study, three TLDs were used for each of the following sites: radiologist's eyes, thyroid, gonads with and without shielding apron, and hands. The average dose during carotid angiograms was 2.6, 4.1, 0.4, 4.7, and 7.1 mrads to the eyes, thyroid, gonads with and without .5 mm of lead shielding, and hands, respectively. Average dose during abdominal and peripheral vascular angiographic procedures was 5.2, 7.5, 1.2, 8.5, and 39.9 mrads to the eyes, thyroid, gonads with and without shielding, and hands, respectively. A literature review demonstrates a significant reduction in radiation dose to the angiographer after the advent of automated injectors. Our measured doses for carotid angiography are compatible with contemporary reported values. There was poor correlation with fluoroscopy time and measured dose to the angiographer.

MeSH terms

  • Angiography*
  • Eye / radiation effects
  • Gonads / radiation effects
  • Hand / radiation effects
  • Humans
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology*
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiation Injuries / etiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Thyroid Gland / radiation effects