P53 Acetylation Exerts Critical Roles In Pressure Overload Induced Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction and Heart Failure

bioRxiv [Preprint]. 2023 Feb 9:2023.02.08.527691. doi: 10.1101/2023.02.08.527691.


Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) has been shown to contribute to cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. At this point, there are no proven treatments for CMD. We have shown that histone acetylation may play a critical role in the regulation of CMD. By using a mouse model that replaces lysine with arginine at residues K98/117/161/162R of p53 (p534KR), preventing acetylation at these sites, we test the hypothesis that acetylation-deficient p534KR could improve coronary microvascular dysfunction and prevent the progression of hypertensive cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Wild-type (WT) and p534KR mice were subjected to pressure overload (PO) by transverse aortic constriction to induce cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure (HF). Echocardiography measurements revealed improved cardiac function together with reduction of apoptosis and fibrosis in p534KR mice. Importantly, myocardial capillary density and coronary flow reserve (CFR) were significantly improved in p534KR mice. Moreover, p534KR upregulated the expression of cardiac glycolytic enzymes and glucose transporters, as well as the level of fructose-2,6-biphosphate; increased PFK-1 activity; and attenuated cardiac hypertrophy. These changes were accompanied by increased expression of HIF-1α and proangiogenic growth factors. Additionally, the levels of SERCA-2 were significantly upregulated in sham p534KR mice as well as in p534KR mice after TAC. In vitro, p534KR significantly improved endothelial cell (EC) glycolytic function and mitochondrial respiration, and enhanced EC proliferation and angiogenesis. Similarly, acetylation-deficient p534KR significantly improved CFR and rescued cardiac dysfunction in SIRT3 KO mice. Our data reveal the importance of p53 acetylation in coronary microvascular function, cardiac function, and remodeling, and may provide a promising approach to improve hypertension-induced coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) and to prevent the transition of cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure.

Keywords: CFR; angiogenesis; cardiac remodeling; heart failure; p53 acetylation.

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