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, 262 (35), 16953-7

Alpha-carboxyamidation of Antral Progastrin. Relation to Other Post-Translational Modifications

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  • PMID: 3680281

Alpha-carboxyamidation of Antral Progastrin. Relation to Other Post-Translational Modifications

L Hilsted et al. J Biol Chem.

Abstract

Using radioimmunoassays for amidated and glycine-extended gastrin before and after trypsin-carboxypeptidase B cleavage and chromatography, alpha-carboxyamidation of porcine antral progastrin has been related to tyrosine-O-sulfation and proteolytic cleavages. Corresponding to the sequence at the proteolysis and amidation site, -Gly-Arg-Arg-, antrum contained three COOH-terminally extended precursor types. The glycine-extended gastrins were present in the highest concentrations (241 +/- 58 pmol/g). The degree of tyrosine-O-sulfation was identical for amidated and precursor gastrins irrespective of component size, whereas the component size differed for glycine-extended and amidated forms. For instance, gastrin-34-Gly constituted 54% of the glycine-extended gastrins, while gastrin-34 comprised 8% of the amidated gastrins. The results indicate that tyrosine-O-sulfation occurs prior to NH2-terminal cleavages, which again precede carboxyamidation; but a significant correlation between tyrosine-O-sulfation and proteolytic cleavages or alpha-carboxy-amidation of antral gastrin could not be demonstrated. Furthermore, our results suggest that the immediate precursor of the principal hormonal form, gastrin-17, is gastrin-17-Gly rather than gastrin-34 as previously believed.

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