Postoperative recurrence of mixed extragonadal germ cell tumor in the right shoulder: a case report

Diagn Pathol. 2023 Feb 20;18(1):26. doi: 10.1186/s13000-023-01312-0.


Background: Extragonadal germ cell tumours (EGGCTs) originated in Shoulder are extremely rare, with 1 case described in the literature. We report a case of a patient with a primary Right Shoulder mixed EGGCT.

Case presentation: A 36-year-old male patient was hospitalized for 6 months due to progressive right shoulder swelling accompanied by pain. Subsequently, the right shoulder tumor was removed entirely. Gross pathological examination showed that the size of the tumor mass was about 14 × 10 × 6 cm.Mutations were observed in ENPEP (4q25), ZCCHC11, RREB1 (6p24.3), CKAP4 (12q23.3), and other genes were detected by whole exome sequencing. Histology revealed a mixed EGGCT of the Right Shoulder with immature teratoma and yolk sac tumour. The patient went through 6 cycles of chemotherapy. After 7 months of follow-up, the patient is recurrence.

Conclusion: The primary MEGCT of the shoulder is an extremely rare condition. However, the recurrence and metastasis rates are high. Therefore, further research is necessary to determine this rare disease's genetic and clinical characteristics to develop an effective treatment plan.

Keywords: Extragonadal; Germ cell tumor; Immature teratomas; Yolk sac tumor.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Endodermal Sinus Tumor*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal* / genetics
  • Shoulder
  • Teratoma*