Performance of ChatGPT on USMLE: Potential for AI-assisted medical education using large language models

PLOS Digit Health. 2023 Feb 9;2(2):e0000198. doi: 10.1371/journal.pdig.0000198. eCollection 2023 Feb.


We evaluated the performance of a large language model called ChatGPT on the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE), which consists of three exams: Step 1, Step 2CK, and Step 3. ChatGPT performed at or near the passing threshold for all three exams without any specialized training or reinforcement. Additionally, ChatGPT demonstrated a high level of concordance and insight in its explanations. These results suggest that large language models may have the potential to assist with medical education, and potentially, clinical decision-making.

Grants and funding

The authors received no specific funding for this work.