The safety and efficacy of lentivirus-mediated gene therapy was recently demonstrated in five male patients with Fabry disease-a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by GLA gene mutations that result in multiple end-organ complications. To evaluate the risks of clonal dominance and leukemogenesis, which have been reported in multiple gene therapy trials, we conducted a comprehensive DNA insertion site analysis of peripheral blood samples from the five patients in our gene therapy trial. We found that patients had a polyclonal integration site spectrum and did not find evidence of a dominant clone in any patient. Although we identified vector integrations near proto-oncogenes, these had low percentages of contributions to the overall pool of integrations and did not persist over time. Overall, we show that our trial of lentivirus-mediated gene therapy for Fabry disease did not lead to hematopoietic clonal dominance and likely did not elevate the risk of leukemogenic transformation.
Keywords: Fabry disease; clinical trial; gene therapy; lentiviral integration; lentiviral safety.
© 2023 The Authors.