Accurately and rapidly measuring the diameter of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) lesion area is the key to judge the severity of CSCR and evaluate the efficacy of the corresponding treatments. Currently, the manual measurement scheme based on a single or a small number of optical coherence tomography (OCT) B-scan images encounters the dilemma of incredibility. Although manually measuring the diameters of all OCT B-scan images of a single patient can alleviate the previous issue, the situation of inefficiency will thus arise. Additionally, manual operation is subject to subjective factors of ophthalmologists, resulting in unrepeatable measurement results. Therefore, an automatic image processing method (i.e., a joint framework) based on artificial intelligence (AI) is innovatively proposed for locating the key boundary points of CSCR lesion area to assist the diameter measurement. Firstly, the initial location module (ILM) benefiting from multitask learning is properly adjusted and tentatively achieves the preliminary location of key boundary points. Secondly, the location task is formulated as a Markov decision process, aiming at further improving the location accuracy by utilizing the single agent reinforcement learning module (SARLM). Finally, the joint framework based on the ILM and SARLM is skillfully established, in which ILM provides an initial starting point for SARLM to narrow the active region of agent, and SARLM makes up for the defect of low generalization of ILM by virtue of the independent exploration ability of agent. Experiments reveal the AI-based method which joins the multitask learning, and single agent reinforcement learning paradigms enable agents to work in local region, alleviating the time-consuming problem of SARLM, performing location task in a global scope, and improving the location accuracy of ILM, thus reflecting its effectiveness and clinical application value in the task of rapidly and accurately measuring the diameter of CSCR lesions.
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