Inventions of materials to achieve biocompatibility, bioadhesion, and easy manufacturing are the urgent demand for promoting wound healing in clinical treatment. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is probably the ideal candidate for current dressing materials due to its well-known biocompatibility. However, the unavoidable problem for HA dressings is their inherent low adhesiveness to wounds, which severely impairs their treatment efficacy, especially during body movement. Here, we report a one-pot facile fabrication of hybrid double-network polydopamine-HA (PDA-HA) hydrogel with significantly enhanced adhesiveness compared to the HA hydrogel. Besides the easy manufacturing and promoted effectiveness, the PDA-HA hydrogel could be vacuum-dried to form a patch, further benefitting from the convenience for storage and distribution. When applied on the wound, the PDA-HA patch quickly rehydrated by absorbing exudate and stuck tightly to the wound. The applied PDA-HA patches keep the wounds covered for more than 7 days against strenuous exercise. Thus, mouse full-thickness wounds treated with the PDA-HA patches exhibited increased healing rates, where epithelization was finished within 14 days. Moreover, the hydrogel dressing exhibited promoting effects on vascularization and cell proliferation/migration. Together with the easy manufacturing procedure, good adhesion/adaptation, and promotion of wound healing, the PDA-HA patch holds great potential for future clinical translation.
Keywords: bioadhesive; hyaluronic acid; polydopamine; wound dressing; wound healing.