Comparative membrane proteomics reveals diverse cell regulators concentrated at the nuclear envelope

bioRxiv [Preprint]. 2023 Feb 14:2023.02.13.528342. doi: 10.1101/2023.02.13.528342.


The nuclear envelope (NE) is a subdomain of the ER with prominent roles in nuclear organization, largely mediated by its distinctive protein composition. We developed methods to reveal novel, low abundance transmembrane (TM) proteins concentrated at the NE relative to the peripheral ER. Using label-free proteomics that compared isolated NEs to cytoplasmic membranes, we first identified proteins with apparent NE enrichment. In subsequent authentication, ectopically expressed candidates were analyzed by immunofluorescence microscopy to quantify their targeting to the NE in cultured cells. Ten proteins from a validation set were found to associate preferentially with the NE, including oxidoreductases, enzymes for lipid biosynthesis and regulators of cell growth and survival. We determined that one of the validated candidates, the palmitoyltransferase Zdhhc6, modifies the NE oxidoreductase Tmx4 and thereby modulates its NE levels. This provides a functional rationale for the NE concentration of Zdhhc6. Overall, our methodology has revealed a group of previously unrecognized proteins concentrated at the NE and additional candidates. Future analysis of these can potentially unveil new mechanistic pathways associated with the NE.

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  • Preprint