Monoclonal Antibody Therapy for COVID-19: A Retrospective Observational Study at a Regional Hospital

Infect Dis Rep. 2023 Feb 20;15(1):125-131. doi: 10.3390/idr15010013.


Background: Monoclonal antibodies represent one option for treatment of COVID-19 early after infection. Although large clinical trials have been successfully conducted, real world data are needed to obtain a realistic assessment of the assumed effect on hospitalization rates.

Methods: For this retrospective, observational study, clinical data were collected in 2021 from outpatients (402) as well as hospitalized patients (350) receiving monoclonal antibodies Bamlanivimab, Casirivimab/Imdevimab or Etesevimab/Bamlanivimab. These data were compared with data from a control group of patients not receiving antibodies because admission to the hospital was too late for this therapy.

Results: Both groups showed a comparable spectrum of risk factors. Due to the late hospitalization of control patients, a higher frequency of severe symptoms, such as fever, dyspnea, syncope and lower viral load, were observed. CRP and leukocytes counts were also higher in the untreated group. Most importantly, hospitalization time was significantly shorter and the number of deaths was also lower in the treated group.

Conclusions: Apparently, the application of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies reduced the work load of our hospital as shown by the shorter hospitalization time and lower number of COVID-19-related deaths.

Keywords: Bamlanivimab; COVID-19; Casirivimab; Etesevimab; Imdevimab; SARS-CoV-2 virus; hospitalization time; monoclonal antibody therapy.

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.