Associations of changes in physical activity and sedentary time with weight recurrence after bariatric surgery: a 5-year prospective study

Int J Obes (Lond). 2023 Jun;47(6):463-470. doi: 10.1038/s41366-023-01284-7. Epub 2023 Feb 24.


Background: Increasing physical activity and limiting sedentary time may minimize weight recurrence after bariatric surgery. However, few studies have evaluated potential associations of objectively-measured physical activity and sedentary time with post-surgical weight recurrence over time.

Aims: To evaluate associations of change in physical activity and sedentary time with weight recurrence after bariatric surgery.

Methods: Participants from the Oslo Bariatric Surgery Study, a prospective cohort study, wore an ActiGraph monitor for seven days at 1- and 5 years after surgery to assess daily physical activity and sedentary time. Participants' weight was measured at in-person clinic visits. Chi-square Test and Paired-samples T-test evaluated group differences and change over time, while Pearson's Correlation, multiple logistic and linear regression investigated associations between variables.

Results: Five years after surgery 79 participants (70.5% response rate, 81% female) (mean (sd) age: 54.0 (±9.3), BMI: 32.1 (±4.7)) had valid monitor data. Participants increased their sedentary time (71.4 minutes/day (95% CI: 54.2-88.6, p = <0.001)) and reduced daily steps (-1411.1 (95% CI: 737.8-208.4), p = <0.001), light physical activity (-54.1 min/day (95% CI: 40.9-67.2, p = <0.001)), and total physical activity (-48.2 (95% CI: 34.6-63.3), p = <0.001) from 1- to 5 years after surgery. No change was found for moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity. No associations were found between changes in steps, physical activity or sedentary time and weight recurrence.

Conclusion: Participants increased sedentary time and decreased light- and total physical activity between 1- and 5 years post-surgery. Overall, changes in physical activity and sedentary time were not associated with weight recurrence. Interventions to help patients increase physical activity and limit sedentary time after bariatric surgery are needed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accelerometry
  • Bariatric Surgery*
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sedentary Behavior*