This study investigated effects of a prenatal breastfeeding education program on the success of breastfeeding among low-income pregnant women. The sample population was comprised of 64 subjects who delivered at a university hospital in the Midwest. A pretest and posttest were used to measure breastfeeding knowledge in the treatment group. Six weeks following delivery the subjects completed the Telephone Interview Survey (TIS) to determine their method of infant feeding and their perception of success at breastfeeding. Subjects in the treatment group were more knowledgeable about breastfeeding after instruction. However, there was no difference in breastfeeding duration and perception of success between subjects in the treatment and control groups.