Antiperiodontitis Effects of Siegesbeckia glabrescens In Vitro

Antioxidants (Basel). 2023 Feb 13;12(2):471. doi: 10.3390/antiox12020471.


Siegesbeckia glabrescens is generally grown in fields or roadsides in Korea and used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. The effects of S. glabrescens on periodontitis are unknown. In this study, we determined the effects of an S. glabrescens 30% EtOH extract (SGE) on periodontitis and analyzed the antioxidant activity (DPPH, ABTS, and SOD), antimicrobial (disc diffusion, MIC, and MBC), inhibition of GTFs, biofilm formation, and the anti-inflammation of lipopolysaccharide from P. gingivalis (LPS-PG)-induced primary equine periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLFs). We report that SGE increased DPPH, ABTS, and SOD antioxidant activities in a dose-dependent manner. SGE caused a clear zone with a diameter of 15 mm or more against periodontal pathogens. SGE (2.50 mg/mL) inhibited GTFs and biofilm by 89.07% and 85.40%, respectively. SGE treatment (100 µg/mL) also significantly decreased the secretion of inflammatory mediators in sensitized PDLF, including cytokines and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3, -8, -9, and -13. Overall, we confirmed that SGE had excellent antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory effects against periodontal pathogens. These results suggest that it has the potential to develop as a prophylactic agent for periodontitis.

Keywords: Porphyromonas gingivalis; Siegesbeckia glabrescens; antioxidants; biofilms; periodontitis.