Oncology in Mozambique: Overview of the Diagnostic, Treatment, and Research Capacity

Cancers (Basel). 2023 Feb 11;15(4):1163. doi: 10.3390/cancers15041163.


Mozambique is one of the poorest countries worldwide, with nearly two thirds of the population living below the poverty line. Similarly to other less developed countries, there is a weak provision of health care for non-communicable diseases due to competing priorities with infectious diseases. Although the leading causes of death in Mozambique in 2019 were Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome/Human Immunodeficiency Virus and other sexually transmitted diseases and respiratory infections and tuberculosis, with increasing urbanization and westernization of lifestyles, deaths attributed to cancer are also on the rise. This review summarizes cancer burden, cancer prevention and screening, cancer care resources, and trends in cancer training and research in Mozambique, providing a background for the development of cancer care policies in the country.

Keywords: Mozambique; cancer care facilities; cancer screening; cancer vaccines; developing countries; neoplasm; registry.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

An individual Ph.D. grant attributed to ST was funded by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. The funders had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.