The scalp topography of endogenous potentials was studied in patients who had previously undergone unilateral anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). These excisions include medial temporal lobe (MTL) structures that have been shown to generate large potentials during tasks that evoke P3 at the scalp. Following right or left ATL, patients showed no differences from unoperated control subjects in overall amplitude of P3 or any other potential measured. The topography of P3 was very similar in both ATL groups and the control subjects, with no differences in laterality. These results suggest that the MTL is not the major generator of the P3 recorded at the scalp in the tasks studied here.