Optic disc cupping as clinically estimated from photographs

Ophthalmology. 1987 Nov;94(11):1481-3. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(87)33265-8.


Cup-to-disc ratios of 204 right eyes were evaluated by two clinicians and by a trained grader using a standardized grading scheme. Mean measurements by the grader were greater than estimates made by either clinician. The measurement scheme used by the trained grader has a high degree of reliability and validity. The standard protocol provides an objective assessment of optic disc cupping and could be easily adapted for office use.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Diabetic Retinopathy / pathology
  • Fundus Oculi
  • Glaucoma / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Optic Disk / pathology*