Chinese Diaspora Communities' Knowledge of and Engagement with Advance Care Planning: A Systematic Integrative Review

J Palliat Care. 2023 Jul;38(3):381-397. doi: 10.1177/08258597231158321. Epub 2023 Feb 27.

Abstract

Objectives: To synthesize evidence regarding Chinese diasporas' understanding, experience, and factors influencing engagement with advance care planning. Methods: A systematic integrative review using content analysis. Seven electronic databases (Embase, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Medline (OVID), PsycINFo, and The Cochrane Library) and gray resources were searched for studies from January 1990 to March 2022. Study quality appraisal was undertaken. Results: 27 articles were identified and rated as moderate to good. Two overarching and interrelated themes were identified, "Awareness and knowledge" and "Engagement with advance care planning." There are low levels of awareness, knowledge and engagement with advance care planning for Chinese diaspora. Findings highlight that this is influenced by two key factors. First, the geographic context and legal, cultural, and social systems within which the Chinese diasporas are living act as a potential catalyst to enhance awareness and engagement with advance care planning. Second, aspects of Chinese diasporas' original culture, such as filial piety and a taboo surrounding death, were reported to negatively affect the promotion and engagement of advance care planning. Significance of Results: Chinese diasporas are intermediaries between two divergent cultures that intertwine to strongly influence engagement with advance care planning. Hence, a bespoke culturally tailored approach should be accommodated in future research and practice for Chinese communities in multicultural countries to further advance palliative and end-of-life care awareness among this group.

Keywords: Asian continental ancestry group; Chinese diaspora; advance care planning; culture; engagement; knowledge; review.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Advance Care Planning*
  • Asian People
  • East Asian People
  • Humans
  • Terminal Care*