Adsorbates coverage plays a crucial role in a catalysis reaction. In hydrodeoxygenation (HDO), which involves high hydrogen pressure, hydrogen coverage on the surface may affect the adsorption of other adsorbates. The HDO is used in green diesel technology to produce clean and renewable energy from organic compounds. This motivates us to study the hydrogen coverage effect on methyl formate adsorption on MoS2 as a model case of the actual HDO. We calculate the methyl formate adsorption energy as a function of hydrogen coverage using density functional theory (DFT) and then comprehensively analyze the physical origin of the results. We find that methyl formate can have several adsorption modes on the surface. The increased hydrogen coverage can stabilize or destabilize these adsorption modes. However, finally, it leads to convergence at high hydrogen coverage. We extrapolated the trend further and concluded that some adsorption modes might not exist at high hydrogen coverage, while others remain.
© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.