Performance analysis of multiple input single layer neural network hardware chip

Multimed Tools Appl. 2023 Feb 20;1-22. doi: 10.1007/s11042-023-14627-3. Online ahead of print.


An artificial neural network (ANN) is a computational system that is designed to replicate and process the behavior of the human brain using neuron nodes. ANNs are made up of thousands of processing neurons with input and output modules that self-learn and compute data to offer the best results. The hardware realization of the massive neuron system is a difficult task. The research article emphasizes the design and realization of multiple input perceptron chips in Xilinx integrated system environment (ISE) 14.7 software. The proposed single-layer ANN architecture is scalable and accepts variable 64 inputs. The design is distributed in eight parallel blocks of ANN in which one block consists of eight neurons. The performance of the chip is analyzed based on the hardware utilization, memory, combinational delay, and different processing elements with targeted hardware Virtex-5 field-programmable gate array (FPGA). The chip simulation is performed in Modelsim 10.0 software. Artificial intelligence has a wide range of applications, and cutting-edge computing technology has a vast market. Hardware processors that are fast, affordable, and suited for ANN applications and accelerators are being developed by the industries. The novelty of the work is that it provides a parallel and scalable design platform on FPGA for fast switching, which is the current need in the forthcoming neuromorphic hardware.

Keywords: ANN architecture; Single layer ANN; Virtex-5 FPGA.