Reproducibility and Repeatability Tests on (SnTiNb)O2 Sensors in Detecting ppm-Concentrations of CO and Up to 40% of Humidity: A Statistical Approach

Sensors (Basel). 2023 Feb 10;23(4):1983. doi: 10.3390/s23041983.


Nowadays, most medical-diagnostic, environmental monitoring, etc. devices employ sensors whose fabrication reproducibility and response repeatability assessment are crucial. The former consists of large-scale sensor manufacture through a standardized process with almost identical morphology and behavior, while the latter consists of giving the same response upon repeating the same stimulus. The thermo-activated chemoresistive sensors, which change their conductance by interacting with the molecules composing the surrounding gas, are currently employed in many devices: in particular, thick-film (SnTiNb)O2 nanosensors were demonstrated to be particularly suitable in the medical and biological fields. Therefore, a set of thirteen of them, randomly selected from the same screen-printing deposition, were laboratory tested, and the outcomes were statistically analyzed in order to assess their consistency. At first, the working temperature that maximized both the sensor sensitivity and response repeatability was identified. Then, the sensors were subjected to different gas concentrations and humidities at this optimal working temperature. It resulted in the (SnTiNb)O2 nanosensors detecting and discriminating CO concentrations as low as 1 ppm and at high humidity degrees (up to 40%) with high repeatability since the response relative standard error ranged from 0.8 to 3.3% for CO and from 3.6 to 5.4% for water vapor.

Keywords: chemoresistive sensors; metal oxide; repeatability; reproducibility; sensor response; volatile compounds.

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.