Metabolomic Profiles of Human Glioma Inform Patient Survival

Antioxid Redox Signal. 2023 Nov;39(13-15):942-956. doi: 10.1089/ars.2022.0085. Epub 2023 Apr 27.


Aims: Targeting tumor metabolism may improve the outcomes for patients with glioblastoma (GBM). To further preclinical efforts targeting metabolism in GBM, we tested the hypothesis that brain tumors can be stratified into distinct metabolic groups with different patient outcomes. Therefore, to determine if tumor metabolites relate to patient survival, we profiled the metabolomes of human gliomas and correlated metabolic information with clinical data. Results: We found that isocitrate dehydrogenase-wildtype (IDHwt) GBMs are metabolically distinguishable from IDH mutated (IDHmut) astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas. Survival of patients with IDHmut gliomas was expectedly more favorable than those with IDHwt GBM, and metabolic signatures can stratify IDHwt GBMs subtypes with varying prognoses. Patients whose GBMs were enriched in amino acids had improved survival, while those whose tumors were enriched for nucleotides, redox molecules, and lipid metabolites fared more poorly. These findings were recapitulated in validation cohorts using both metabolomic and transcriptomic data. Innovation: Our results suggest the existence of metabolic subtypes of GBM with differing prognoses, and further support the concept that metabolism may drive the aggressiveness of human gliomas. Conclusions: Our data show that metabolic signatures of human gliomas can inform patient survival. These findings may be used clinically to tailor novel metabolically targeted agents for GBM patients with different metabolic phenotypes. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 39, 942-956.

Keywords: 2-hydroxyglutarate; IDH; astrocytoma; glioblastoma; glioma; metabolomics; oligodendroglioma; oxidative stress; recurrence.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Astrocytoma* / genetics
  • Astrocytoma* / metabolism
  • Astrocytoma* / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Brain Neoplasms* / metabolism
  • Glioblastoma* / genetics
  • Glioblastoma* / metabolism
  • Glioblastoma* / pathology
  • Glioma* / genetics
  • Glioma* / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / genetics
  • Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Mutation


  • Isocitrate Dehydrogenase