Treatment of bilateral Wilms' tumor in children: how to improve the application of nephron-sparing surgery

Pediatr Surg Int. 2023 Mar 1;39(1):145. doi: 10.1007/s00383-023-05433-x.


Purpose: To summarize the experience of nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) for bilateral Wilms tumors (BWT) in children.

Methods: This study included children with BWT admitted to our hospital between January 2008 and June 2022. The details of the treatments and outcomes were analyzed.

Results: In all, 70 patients (39 males and 31 females) were enrolled, including 66 patients with synchronous tumors and 4 patients with metachronous tumors. The median age at diagnosis was 13 (3-75) months. Overall, 59 patients received preoperative chemotherapy and 45.8% (54/118) of the 118 sides of WT achieved a partial response (PR). Of the 70 patients, 48 (68.6%) underwent bilateral NSS and 22 (31.4%) underwent unilateral NSS and contralateral total nephrectomy. The proportion of bilateral NSS in the preoperative chemotherapy group was significantly higher than in the non-chemotherapy group (P = 0.031). Additionally, there were 26, 25, 14, and 5 cases of stage I, stage II, stage III, and stage IV, respectively. Among the 70 children, 16 had a recurrence, and 8 died. The 4 years EFS and OS were 67.9% and 89.3%, respectively.

Conclusions: The long-term survival rates of patients with BWT improved. Hence, preoperative chemotherapy should be administered to enhance the use of NSS in BWT.

Keywords: Bilateral Wilms’ tumor; Long-term survival rates; Nephron-sparing surgery; Pediatrics.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Hospitalization*
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary*
  • Nephrectomy
  • Nephrons