PARP1 and POLD2 as prognostic biomarkers for multiple myeloma in autologous stem cell transplant

Haematologica. 2023 Aug 1;108(8):2155-2166. doi: 10.3324/haematol.2022.282399.


Multiple Myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy often treated by autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Clinical response to ASCT has been associated with DNA repair efficiency. Here we interrogated the role of the base excision DNA repair (BER) pathway in MM response to ASCT. Across 450 clinical samples and six disease stages, expression levels of genes in the BER pathway were found to be highly upregulated during the development of MM. In a separate cohort of 559 patients with MM treated with ASCT, expression of BER pathway members MPG and PARP3 was positively associated with overall survival (OS) while expression of PARP1, POLD1, and POLD2 was negatively associated with OS. In a validation cohort of 356 patients with MM treated with ASCT, PARP1 and POLD2 findings were replicated. In patients with MM who never received ASCT (n=319), PARP1 and POLD2 were not associated with OS, suggesting that the prognostic effect of these genes may be treatment-dependent. In preclinical models of MM, synergy was observed in anti-tumor activity when poly (ADPribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors (olaparib, talazoparib) were used in combination with melphalan. The negative prognosis associated with PARP1 and POLD2 expression along with the apparent melphalan-sensitizing effect of PARP inhibition may suggest this pathway as a potential biomarker in patients with MM in the setting of ASCT. Further understanding of the role of the BER pathway in MM is vital to improve therapeutic strategies related to ASCT.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA Polymerase III
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Melphalan / therapeutic use
  • Multiple Myeloma* / diagnosis
  • Multiple Myeloma* / genetics
  • Multiple Myeloma* / therapy
  • Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 / genetics
  • Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 / therapeutic use
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Transplantation, Autologous


  • Melphalan
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
  • PARP1 protein, human
  • Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1
  • POLD2 protein, human
  • DNA Polymerase III

Grants and funding

Funding: This study was supported by a Pelotonia IDEA award (46050-502048) (to CCH and MJP) and startup research grants from the College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University (to MJP) and the College of Pharmacy, The University of Florida (to NDS).