Skeletal muscles are a highly structured tissue responsible for movement and metabolic regulation, which can be broadly subdivided into fast and slow twitch muscles with each type expressing common as well as specific sets of proteins. Congenital myopathies are a group of muscle diseases leading to a weak muscle phenotype caused by mutations in a number of genes including RYR1. Patients carrying recessive RYR1 mutations usually present from birth and are generally more severely affected, showing preferential involvement of fast twitch muscles as well as extraocular and facial muscles. In order to gain more insight into the pathophysiology of recessive RYR1-congential myopathies, we performed relative and absolute quantitative proteomic analysis of skeletal muscles from wild-type and transgenic mice carrying p.Q1970fsX16 and p.A4329D RyR1 mutations which were identified in a child with a severe congenital myopathy. Our in-depth proteomic analysis shows that recessive RYR1 mutations not only decrease the content of RyR1 protein in muscle, but change the expression of 1130, 753, and 967 proteins EDL, soleus and extraocular muscles, respectively. Specifically, recessive RYR1 mutations affect the expression level of proteins involved in calcium signaling, extracellular matrix, metabolism and ER protein quality control. This study also reveals the stoichiometry of major proteins involved in excitation contraction coupling and identifies novel potential pharmacological targets to treat RyR1-related congenital myopathies.
Keywords: RYR1; congenital myopathy; excitation contraction coupling; genetics; genomics; mass spectrometry; mutations; proteomic profiling; ryanodine receptor mutations; skeletal muscle.
© 2023, Eckhardt, Ruiz et al.