Health care transition for cerebral palsy with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review

Rev Neurol (Paris). 2023 Mar 2;S0035-3787(23)00820-2. doi: 10.1016/j.neurol.2022.11.013. Online ahead of print.


Objective: Today, most individuals with cerebral palsy are adults who need a paediatric-to-adult health care transition. However, many remain in paediatric care for treatment of adult-onset health issues. Therefore, a systematic review based on the 'Triple Aim' framework was performed to determine the status of paediatric-to-adult health care transition for people with cerebral palsy. A comprehensive evaluation of transitional care was proposed for using this framework. It consists of 'experience of care', meaning satisfaction with the care, 'population health', meaning the well-being of patients, and 'cost', meaning cost-effectiveness.

Method: Electronic database (PubMed) searches were performed. The inclusion criteria were original articles published between 1990 and 2020. The search terms used in this study were ('cerebral palsy' AND 'transition to adult health care') OR ('cerebral palsy' AND 'transition'). The study type had to be epidemiological, case report, case-control, and cross-sectional, but not qualitative. The outcomes of the studies were categorised into 'care experience', 'population health', and 'cost', according to the Triple Aim framework.

Results: Thirteen articles met the abovementioned inclusion criteria. Few studies have examined the effect of the intervention of transition for young adults with cerebral palsy. Participants in some studies had no intellectual disability. Young adults were dissatisfied with the 'care experience', 'population health', and 'cost' and had unmet health needs and inadequate social participation.

Interpretation: Further transition intervention studies with a comprehensive assessment and proactive involvement of individuals are warranted. The presence of an intellectual disability should be considered.

Keywords: Cerebral palsy; Intellectual disabilities; Outcome evaluation; Pediatric-to-adult health care transition; Triple Aim.