Background: Patients with a recent heart failure (HF) hospitalization have a high risk of rehospitalization and mortality. Early treatment may have a substantial impact on patient outcomes.
Objectives: The study sought to study the outcomes and effect of empagliflozin according to timing of prior HF hospitalization.
Methods: EMPEROR-Pooled (EMPEROR-Reduced (EMPagliflozin outcomE tRial in Patients With chrOnic heaRt Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction) and EMPEROR-Preserved (EMPagliflozin outcomE tRial in Patients With chrOnic heaRt Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction) combined) included 9,718 HF patients who were grouped according to the recency of HF hospitalization (none, <3 months, 3-6 months, 6-12 months, >12 months). The primary outcome was a composite of time to first of HF hospitalization or cardiovascular death, over a median follow-up of 21 months.
Results: The primary outcome event rates (per 100 person-years) in the placebo group were 26.7, 18.1, 13.7, and 2.8 for patients hospitalized within 3 months, 3-6 months, 6-12 months, and >12 months, respectively. The relative risk reduction of primary outcome events with empagliflozin was similar across HF hospitalization categories (P interaction = 0.67). The primary outcome absolute risk reduction was more pronounced among patients with a recent HF hospitalization but without statistical heterogeneity of treatment effect: -6.9, -5.5, -0.8, and -0.6 events prevented per 100 person-years for patients hospitalized within <3 months, 3-6 months, 6-12 months, and >12 months, respectively, and -2.4 events prevented per 100 person-years of follow-up in those without a prior HF hospitalization (P interaction = 0.64). Empagliflozin was safe irrespective of HF hospitalization recency.
Conclusions: Patients with a recent HF hospitalization have a high risk of events. Empagliflozin reduced HF events regardless of HF hospitalization recency.
Keywords: empagliflozin; heart failure hospitalization recency; risk.
Copyright © 2023 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.