The Wnt signaling pathway is vital in encouraging bone growth. WNT1 gene mutations have been identified as the major cause of type XV osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Described here is a case of complex heterozygous WNT1 c.620G>A (p.R207H) and c.677C >T (p.S226L) OI caused by a novel mutation at locus c.620G >A (p.R207H). The female patient had type XV OI, distinguished by poor bone density, frequent fractures, a small stature, skull softening, lack of dentine hypoplasia, a brain malformation, and obvious blue sclera. A CT scan of the temporal bone revealed abnormalities of the inner ear, necessitating a hearing aid 8 months after birth. There was no family history of such disorders in the proband's parents. The proband inherited complex heterozygous WNT1 gene variants c.677C>T (p.S226L) and c.620G>A (p.R207H) from her father and mother, respectively. Presented here is a case of OI with inner ear deformation caused by c.620G>A (p.R207H), which is a novel WNT1 site mutation. This case broadens the genetic spectrum of OI and it provides a rationale for genetic testing of mothers and a medical consultation to estimate the risk of fetal illness.
Keywords: WNT1; heterozygous mutation; inner ear dysplasia; type XV osteogenesis imperfecta.
2023, International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio - Sciences Advancement.