To determine whether exercise two-dimensional echocardiography contributes to the prognostic information provided by exercise testing in patients recovering from acute myocardial infarction, 40 patients were prospectively studied by means of pre- and postexercise echocardiography 10 to 21 days after myocardial infarction. Patients were followed for 6 to 10 months or until one of the following clinical end points occurred: death, recurrent myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or coronary artery bypass grafting. Results of treadmill exercise tests were negative in 13 of 20 patients with good clinical outcome (65% specificity) and positive in 11 of 20 patients with poor clinical outcome (55% sensitivity). The resting echocardiogram was abnormal in 37 of 40 patients. The exercise echocardiogram was negative in 19 of 20 patients with good clinical outcome (95% specificity) and positive in 16 of 20 patients with poor clinical outcome (80% sensitivity). We conclude that exercise echocardiography is more sensitive and specific than treadmill exercise testing for predicting the occurrence of subsequent cardiac events after acute myocardial infarction.