Assessing Rewiring of the Retinal Circuitry by Electroretinogram (ERG) After Inner Retinal Lesion in Adult Zebrafish

Methods Mol Biol. 2023:2636:421-435. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-3012-9_23.


Adult zebrafish respond to retinal injury with a regenerative response that replaces damaged neurons with Müller glia-derived regenerated neurons. The regenerated neurons are functional, appear to make appropriate synaptic connections, and support visually mediated reflexes and more complex behaviors. Curiously, the electrophysiology of damaged, regenerating, and regenerated zebrafish retina has only recently been examined. In our previous work, we demonstrated that electroretinogram (ERG) recordings of damaged zebrafish retina correlate with the extent of the inflicted damage and that the regenerated retina at 80 days post-injury exhibited ERG waveforms consistent with functional visual processing. In this paper we describe the procedure for obtaining and analyzing ERG recordings from adult zebrafish previously subjected to widespread lesions that destroy inner retinal neurons and engage a regenerative response that restores retinal function, in particular the synaptic connections between photoreceptor axon terminals and the dendritic trees of retinal bipolar neurons.

Keywords: Central nervous system; Electroretinogram; Eye; Lesion; Ouabain; Photoreceptor; Regeneration; Retina; Retinal bipolar neuron; Zebrafish.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Electroretinography
  • Neuroglia
  • Retina
  • Retinal Neurons*
  • Zebrafish*