Is There a Role for Mechanical and Oral Antibiotic Bowel Preparation for Patients Undergoing Minimally Invasive Colorectal Surgery? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

J Gastrointest Surg. 2023 May;27(5):1011-1025. doi: 10.1007/s11605-023-05636-6. Epub 2023 Mar 7.

Abstract

Introduction: To date, all meta-analyses on oral antibiotic prophylaxis (OA) and mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) in colorectal surgery have included results of both open and minimally invasive approaches. Mixing both procedures may lead to false conclusions. The aim of the study was to assess the available evidence of mechanical and oral antibiotic bowel preparation in reducing the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) and other complications following minimally invasive elective colorectal surgery.

Methods: We searched PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library from 2000 to May 1, 2022. Comparative randomized and non-randomized studies were included. We reviewed the use of oral OA, MBP and combinations of these treatments. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using the Rob v2 and Robins-I tools.

Results: We included 18 studies (7 randomized controlled trials and 11 cohort studies). Meta-analysis of the included studies showed that the combination of MBP + OA was associated with a significant reduction in SSI, AL and overall morbidity compared with the other options no preparation, MBP only and OA only. CONCLUSION: Adding OA with MBP has a positive impact in reducing the incidence of SSI, AL and overall morbidity after minimally invasive colorectal surgery. Therefore, the combination of OA and MBP should be encouraged in this selected group of patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery.

Keywords: Laparascopic; Mechanical bowel preparation; Oral antibiotics; Robotic; Surgical site infection.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Antibiotic Prophylaxis / methods
  • Colorectal Surgery* / adverse effects
  • Colorectal Surgery* / methods
  • Elective Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Elective Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Humans
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Preoperative Care / methods
  • Surgical Wound Infection / epidemiology
  • Surgical Wound Infection / etiology
  • Surgical Wound Infection / prevention & control

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents