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, 63 (3), 344-9

A New Island Flap Transfer From the Dorsum of the Index to the Thumb

A New Island Flap Transfer From the Dorsum of the Index to the Thumb

G Foucher et al. Plast Reconstr Surg.

Abstract

We describe here a new island flap from the dorsum of the index finger, transferred on the first dorsal metacarpal artery with one or two veins and the terminal branches of the radial nerve. This vascular bundle is a reliable one, for we have had no necrosis in 12 consecutive cases. The quality of its venous outflow and the use of a dorsal donor site give it advantages over the Moberg-Littler island flap, unless a dorsal vein from the latter flap is preserved and sutured to a vein in the recipient site. The arterial vascularization without any skin pedicle makes this "kite" flap a more practical one than the "flag" flaps of Vilain or Holevitch or Kuhn. Finally, a one-stage transfer is usually preferable to a two-stage one (e.g. Adamson, Braillar). In a single operation, this transfer provides composite resurfacing of the thumb while bringing in new blood and nerve supply.

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