Stability of mesoporous silica using ricinoleic methyl ester as a template with the addition of HCl and application of Cd2+ adsorption optimized by Box-Behnken design

RSC Adv. 2023 Mar 6;13(11):7329-7338. doi: 10.1039/d2ra06973c. eCollection 2023 Mar 1.


Mesoporous silica is restricted to organic solvents or other acidic media. The application of mesoporous silica depends on the medium's chemical stability and mechanical properties. It is necessary to stabilize the mesoporous silica material under acidic conditions. The results of the nitrogen adsorption characterization show that MS-50 has a large surface area and porosity, resulting in good mesoporous silica. Using variance analysis (ANOVA) to compare the collected data, the best conditions were found at a pH of 6.32, a Cd2+ concentration of 25.30 ppm, an adsorbent dose of 0.06 g, and a time of 70.44 min. The Cd2+ adsorption experiment data best fit the Langmuir isotherm model with the maximum amount of Cd2+ that MS-50 could absorb being 103.10 mg g-1.