Why Do They Not Come Home? Three Cases of Fukushima Nuclear Accident Evacuees

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Feb 24;20(5):4027. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20054027.


Many people wish to return to where they used to live after evacuation due to disaster. After the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011, many residents were forced to evacuate due to concerns about radiation. Subsequently, the evacuation order was lifted, and the government promoted a return policy. However, it has been reported that a considerable number of residents living in evacuation sites or other areas wish to return but are unable to do so. Here, we report three cases of Japanese men and one woman who evacuated after the 2011 nuclear accident in Fukushima. These cases reveal the rapid aging of residents and their health issues. These issues suggest that enhancing medical supply systems and access to medical care can aid in post-disaster reconstruction and residents' returning.

Keywords: Fukushima nuclear accident; aging in place; disaster; health issues; local residents; returning home.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Disasters*
  • Female
  • Fukushima Nuclear Accident*
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Male

Grants and funding

This study was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number MO22K11233 and Research Project on the Health Effects of Radiation organized by Ministry of the Environment, Japan.