Diagnosis and management of cutaneous lymphomas and lymphoid proliferations in children, adolescents and young adults (CAYA)

Best Pract Res Clin Haematol. 2023 Mar;36(1):101448. doi: 10.1016/j.beha.2023.101448. Epub 2023 Feb 10.


Cutaneous lymphomas and lymphoid proliferations (LPD) in children, adolescents, and young adults (CAYA) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoid neoplasms that present formidable diagnostic challenges to clinicians and pathologists alike. Although rare overall, cutaneous lymphomas/LPD occur in real-world settings and awareness of the differential diagnosis, potential complications, and various therapeutic approaches will help ensure the optimal diagnostic work-up and clinical management. Lymphomas/LPD involving the skin can occur as primary cutaneous disease in a patient that characteristically has lymphoma/LPD confined to the skin, or as secondary involvement in patients with systemic disease. This review will comprehensively summarize both primary cutaneous lymphomas/LPD that occur in the CAYA population as well as those CAYA systemic lymphomas/LPD with propensity for secondary cutaneous involvement. Focus on the most common primary entities occurring in CAYA will include lymphomatoid papulosis, primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma, and hydroa vacciniforme lymphoproliferative disorder.

Keywords: Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma; Cutaneous lymphoma; Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP); Lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD); Mycosis fungoides; Non-hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL); Rare paediatric lymphoma; Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Lymphomatoid Papulosis* / diagnosis
  • Mycosis Fungoides* / diagnosis
  • Skin Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Young Adult